Baghdad summits are reputed for their political excitement in terms of its timing and reactions. Baghdad's first summit, which was the ninth Arab summit was in 1987. It was entitled "Camp David". The Arab were divided into two camps, facing the Egyptian, Israeli peace agreement, and the tense relations between the member states. It is the agreement which led to the
assassination of Sadat, and the takeover of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt for three decades.
The second Baghdad summit was in 1990, where it witnessed the largest Arab split, following the hysterical invasion, which is supported by some Arab regimes and political organizations, including the Muslim brotherhood, and nationalistic ones, though their justifications and interpretations differed. It is also the war which marked the beginning of the bloody collapse of the Iraqi Republic for three decades.
The paradox or the coincidence is that the Baghdad summit comes in 2012 with the rise of the Muslim brother hood and Islamic political parties, and their seizure to power in Tunisia and Egypt and are close to seizing power in other Arab countries.
There is a general political feeling that the holding of an Arab summit in Baghdad is met with unrest without any desire or agreement over it. The problem exceeds the tense security situation and the escalation of violence to the highest level since the withdrawal of the American troops, to the confused internal political situations, al-Barazani latest announcements, the Kurdish independence, al-Hashmi case, and added to them the increasing criticism to the new Iraqi dictatorship as well as the independent political and security decision. These are all signs for real problem.
And prior to that there is the talk about the effectiveness of an Arab summit, where Arab countries are undergoing sever structural changes. There are also leaks about overlooking the Syrian issue in this summit, because it has nothing to add after the failure of the international Syrian friends, and the so far low level of the international community movements.
What can a summit do at the time of Arab revolutions and the rise of frequency of political participation and the freedom of media, where on the opposite side there is a rise of the ceiling of Arab street and aspirations as the youth are leading different movements.
There is no exciting headings in Baghdad's third summit, other than being held in Baghdad and specifically in the green zone.