At last, the new government headed by the opposition leader Mohammed Basandowah was formed last Tuesday Dec. 7th, 2011 as an initial step towards the full transfer of power on Feb. 21st, 2012 through an early presidential elections to elect the current Deputy President Abdorabo Mansoor Haadi to be the new President of the country after the outgoing President Saleh. This full departure of president Saleh from power came after one year of struggle by Yemeni people, during which hundreds were killed and thousands were injured or disabled in order to change the ruling of the family which dominated the leading positions in the army and security forces and many leading positions in the civil service of the state as well. Some revolutionary powers and figures in the ruling party blame the Yemeni opposition of seeking the power and accepting to participate in the reconciliation government, as if this thing violates its seriousness and desire for a real, radical change. Undoubtedly, this is a strange logic since any opposition in the world basically struggle to reach the power and implement their program and not to reform the ruler.
When the Revolution Youth came out to change squares, following the Tunisian and Egyptian examples, their goal was to oust the hopeless-case President Saleh from power and not to call him to reform his (ruling) status which they are aware that he had failed to reform along the past years, despite all the repeated calls from the Yemeni political powers, neighbors, international community and from donor countries on him to reform the situation promising him of serious support. But, unfortunately, President Saleh had no any serious willingness to implement any fundamental reforms for he considered such reforms as a means to reduce his and his family’s influence, on one hand, and to exert pressure on him, on the other.
At the same time, the regime was totally convinced that the political opposition, represented by the JMPs, was unable to achieve any political or field gains at his expense, as he seized control of money and military forces, in addition to his belief that the international community is worried that the JMPs may replace his regime.
On the other hand, sparking a public peaceful revolution against the regime was not a feasible idea to the JMPs who always preferred the political pressures as an adequate means to have fair elections that meet the international procedures, benefiting from the western support for this approach.
While Saleh’s regime did not show any seriousness in political and economical reforms and the JMPs were not willing to take to streets in fear they lose control, the people in streets were boiling with rage inspired by the Tunisian and Egyptian examples to demand change. Thus, students, independent and partial youth took to street in many governorates. JMPs were not able to stop their members who exerted pressure on their leadership to take the decision of systematic protests and remaining in streets until Saleh’s regime is overthrown. That time the regime continued in his stubbornness which led these parties to take the final decision to take to streets and remain there until the regime of Saleh and his family is overthrown.
The regime started to make sequential mistakes until it reached its peak by killing the innocent unarmed youth, taking away the cover of its legitimacy and what left of the regional and international acceptance to it.
The opposition had no other choice but to take up arms and overthrow the regime by force, as happened in Libya, or pursue a new unprecedented method to overthrow Saleh’s regime, since following the Tunisian and Egyptian examples seemed impossible.
Then came the solution from Saleh himself who called on the regional and international community to intervene after he was in a very critical situation. The opposition saw it a valuable opportunity that cannot be available again.
With the development of the GCC Initiative, the opposition realized that if they wanted the change that keeps the country away from sliding into civil war or long term armed conflict they should work realistically.
This realistic vision was crystallized into a basic goal which is the departure of President Saleh and his family, while his party has the right to participate, under a new leadership, in power throughout transitional period in preparation for free and fair elections under a new constitution drafted by political consensus with Saleh’s party, if it could hold together after the departure of its head.
This realistic vision was the only inlet to keep Yemen away from war and bloodshed of tens of thousands of youth as happened in Libya.
As he recently was forced to sign the GCC Initiative – after he found himself in a tight angle and in an unprecedented isolation that reached the point that many Western ambassadors refused to submit their credentials to him, and after they, President Saleh and his son, were told that waging any war is a red line which would lead them to the ICC, not to mention that any new delay in signing the Initiative would result in firm UN decisions to ban them and their families from travelling, freezing their assets and other strict measures - President Saleh, being forced to sign the GCC Initiative, had put an end to his rule and closed the door in front of any possibilities to bequeath power to his son either at the moment or after the transitional period, as some of his supporters wish to. Those corrupted persons, who still dream that this family continues to run the country, should understand this clearly.
With the formation of the National Reconciliation Government last Wednesday, Yemen has entered a new era due to the Youth Revolution and their noble and great sacrifices, which is the era of the temporary President Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi who is preparing himself to be the elected legitimate President. Hadi will lead a transitional period in partnership with the Reconciliation Government. That period will lead to the establishment of the second republic in Yemen eliminating the autocracy rule forever, while the outgoing President Saleh prepares himself to leave the country to the US to complete his treatment choosing an end for himself different and much better than that of his peers Bin Ali, Mubarak and Gaddaffi.
Saleh will leave winding up a period of rule lasted for 33 years and carrying bitter memories for the most difficult three hundred days in his life. By this, Saleh left the opportunity to the Youth who grew up and learned the freedom of opinion under his rule and then revolted against him due to his corruption and his family’s domination, giving them the opportunity to build the modern civil state with which soldiers return back to their barracks and the country is run by a democratic constitution which enables them to build the state of law and institutions Saleh failed or did not want to build as the result was the same to him.